Reconstructing Somalia

Rehabilitation activities in Somalia started way back in Feb 2005, when a reconstruction principle was declared and signed between Prime minister of Somali Transitional government and representatives of United Nations Secretary General.

United Nations development group and World Bank together prepared requirements for reconstruction and development of Somalia.  They made Somali Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) for this purpose.

The Fallout from this Assessment was Somali Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP). This program was divided into five parts.

  1. Overall combined report
  2. Report on South – Central Somalia
  3. Puntland Report
  4. Somaliland Report
  5. Six Cluster Report

The complete assessment elaborated in these reports has been taken from field visits in various areas of Somalia, workshops, currently available sources and agencies working in Somalia.

The GDP laid priority on

  • Infrastructure
  • Governance, safety and rule of law
  • Productive sectors and environment
  • Social service and protection of exposed groups
  • Macro-economic policy framing and development of data

Key Sectors which require very high attention to be taken are education, health, water, sanitation and hygiene. There are many organizations which believe in the practical training of the Somali People for their rebuilding and has done a lot of research on developmental needs.

Somalis must understand the need of reconstruction as an economic as well as political actors.  They provide various examples of their ability to reconstruct local economies even after they’re drawn out from the periods of war.

There are many NGO which is focusing on their goals to assist the people of Somalia from starting

  1. To engage skilled and educated Somalis from the Diaspora in reconstruction development activities
  2. To prepare and guide them in reconstruction policies and to promote them in serious discussions among government, media and non-governmental organizations
  3. Exploring new avenues for integrated regional development and innovative technologies.

Primary Problems

  1. The people, who benefit from cheating, buying and selling, became bungler to national security or government regulation.
  2. The primary focus is on sharing of power and changing rules and regulations which promotes economic security and create a false idea in mind of government people regarding growth and development.

Coming out of civil war and lawlessness which lasts two decades. Somali government has all plans set to spend money on priorities and seeking more future international support for their reconstruction.

Others, Training


The Institute for Practical Research and Training (IPRT) is a non-profit,  independent research, and  training educational institute.  

IPRT operates an independent research center where Somali and non-Somali scholars conduct research on selected post-war reconstruction issues.

Among IPRT’s goals are:

  • To attract skilled and educated Somalis back from the Diaspora and engage them fully in reconstruction and development activities
  • To prepare sound studies to guide reconstruction policies and to facilitate in-depth and serious discussions among government, media and non-governmental organizations
  • To explore new avenues for integrated regional development and appropriate innovative technologies.

In addition, IPRT manages :

  • A documentation center to house reference and library materials.
  • A center for Somali and non-Somali scholars to conduct original field research on targeted issues.
  • A training center for civil servants.